Here is another post about phrasal verbs.
Phrasal verbs are idiomatic phrases consisting of a verb and another element, typically an adverb or a preposition, or a combination of both. They are widely used by native speakers of English so it’s a good idea to try to learn some of them.
We’ll see some of the basic phrasal verbs to describe Jobs & Careers in this post. I’m sure you’ve already heard some or maybe all of them and will be able to understand the meaning by the context, so here we go!
CARRY OUT – when you carry out a task, you do it. (realizar, executar)
They have to carry out a number of administrative duties.
FIT IN – if you fit in, you are accepted in a group of people. (caber, adaptar-se, encaixar)
We’re looking for someone to fit in with our team.
GET OUT OF – if you get out of doing something, you avoid doing it. (livrar-se de)
He’ll do anything to get out of doing this job.
LAY OFF – if workers are laid off, they are told to leave their jobs for a period of time or permanently. (demitir, cortar)
The factory had to lay off thousands of workers.
MAKE UP – if people make something up, they form it. (constituir, compor)
Women now make up two-fifths of the work force.
MOVE INTO – to start to be involved in a particular activity or area of business. (mudar para uma nova áera)
She later moved into the field of education.
MOVE OUT OF – to stop being involved in a particular activity or area of business. (mudar de área)
People are moving out of the public sector and into the private sector.
SET UP – to make the necessary arrangements to start a business or actitivy. (abrir, fundar, montar um negócio)
He wants to set up his business in a large city.
SETTLE IN – to become used to a new place or job. (acostumar-se, adaptar-se, estabelecer-se)
How are you settling in to your new job?
SHUT DOWN – if someone shuts down a business, it closes and stops working. (encerrar, fechar um negócio)
The company was forced to shut down after the economic crisis.
STAY ON – to remain in a place or continue to attend it regularly. (ficar, continuar, permanecer)
After his contract finished, he agreed to stay on for another three months.
STEP DOWN – to leave an important job or position. (renunciar, deixar o cargo, demitir-se, pedir demissão)
The CEO stepped down last month because of an illness.
STICK TO – to be very obvious or noticeable. (destacar-se, chamar atenção)
He will never stick out if he doesn’t do something different.
TAKE OFF – when you take some time off, you spend it doing something different from your normal activities or job. (tirar folga)
I won’t be here tomorrow, I’ll take the day off.
TAKE ON – if you take a job, task or responsibility, you accept it and try to do what is required. (assumir, aceitar)
It’s a big responsibility and he is willing to take it on.
WALK OUT – to suddenly stop working and leave the place where you worked as a protest. (sair, abandonar, ir embora)
He decided to walk out as his boss refused to give him a raise.